First Aid for Cyclists: Cuts and grazing
• If a small cut is dirty, clean it by either rinsing with cold water or using alcohol free wipes and use a gauze swab to pat the wound dry. Then cover it with sterile gauze
• With soapy water, clean the area around the injury.
• Try and wipe away from the wound and use a clean swab with each swipe
• Remove the wound covering and apply a sterile dressing or plaster
• Seek medical advice if you are worried or if you think that there might be a risk of infection
• If the wound is large or bleeding heavily, apply direct pressure to the wound to stem the bleeding and raise the injured area above heart level
• Apply a sterile dressing to maintain pressure on the wound and lie the injured person down with their legs raised to offset shock
• Call for an ambulance
First Aid for Cyclists: Dislocation
• If the injured person has a dislocated shoulder, try to keep them still, while supporting their arm in a comfortable position.
• You can immobilise the injured arm with a sling if they will let you. For extra support, secure the arm to the chest by tying a broad fold bandage right around the chest and the sling.
• Arrange for the injured person to be taken to hospital and treat for shock if necessary, laying them down and raising their legs.
First Aid for Cyclists: Bruising
• Raise and support the affected area into a comfortable position
• Using a cold compress, such as an icepack wrapped in a cloth, apply firm pressure to the bruise for up to ten minutes.
First Aid for Cyclists: Strains/sprains
• Help the injured person to sit or lie down comfortably, with some padding underneath their injury to support it.
• Cool the area with a cold compress/ice pack to help reduce the swelling and pain
• Apply comfortable support to the injury, by placing a layer of padding over the cold compress and securing it in place with a bandage
• Support the injured part in a raised position if possible
• If the pain is severe or they are unable to move he injured part, arrange to get them to hospital
First Aid for Cyclists: Fractures
• Advise the injured person to keep still, while supporting the joints above and below the injury with your hands until it is immobilised.
• For arm injuries, you can secure the injured arm with a sling. For leg injuries, secure the uninjured leg to the injured one with bandages. You can also place padding around the injury for extra support.
• Arrange for the injured person to be taken to hospital – an arm injury can be transported by car, but when dealing with leg injuries call 999/112 for emergency help.
First Aid for Cyclists: Head Injury
• Head injuries can be potentially serious and should be treated with care.
• If someone has experienced a head injury, and they are fully conscious, help them to sit down in a comfortable position.
• Give them a cold compress to hold against the injured part of their head and monitor their condition.
• If the injured person becomes drowsy, confused or complains of a worsening headache, vomiting or double vision, call 999 for emergency help
• Anyone who has lost consciousness, even for a short period of time should be seen by a doctor.
First Aid for Cyclists: Dehydration
• If someone you know becomes dehydrated, help them to sit down comfortably.
• Give them plenty of water to drink. You can also give them oral rehydration solutions if you have them.
• Advise the person to rest and, if they are suffering from cramp, stretch and massage the affected muscles
• If they remain unwell, seek medical advice.